What Is Financial Harm?
- Financial Risk
- Words can hurt
- Investigation of Financial Crimes
- An Adult at Risk of Harm: A Framework for the Study and Prevention
- The Role of Resolution in Financial Regulation
- Coercive Control of Financial Abuse: A Case Study
- Town hall expert roundtable on financial crimes and harms against seniors
- Detecting an Event in the Local Area
- Detecting Financial Abuse
Financial risks affect everyone and come in many shapes and sizes. Financial risks should be aware of by you. Knowing the dangers and how to protect yourself can reduce the risk of a negative outcome.
Changes in the market interest rate can pose a financial risk. The debt market is the most common place where defaults happen as companies fail to pay their debt obligations. Changes in the market interest rate can make individual securities unprofitable for investors, forcing them into debt securities or facing negative returns.
There is a chance of failure in a profit or gain. Maybe the investor did not conduct proper research before investing, reached too far for gains, or invested too large of a portion of their net worth into a single investment. Currency risk is a factor that investors are exposed to because of the different factors that can affect the value of their money.
Foreign investment risk may be exposed due to changes in prices because of market differences, political changes, natural calamities, diplomatic changes, or economic conflicts. Financial risk is not inherently good or bad, but it is different. Financial risk is no exception, and it has a negative connotation.
A risk can spread from one business to another. It is difficult to overcome risk from uncontrollable outside sources. Understanding the possibility of financial risk can lead to better, more informed business or investment decisions.
Words can hurt
Words can hurt. It's especially when used to control another person or make them feel isolated. Vulnerable people can be targets for others who take advantage of them, for example, using their home and belongings or pressuring them into being involved in illegal or socially unacceptable behavior.
Even though the adult understands the need to do the activities, they can't perform them. It can include a lack of awareness of unsafe living conditions. Adults have a right to make their own decisions, even if that means they choose to remain situations or indulge inappropriate behavior.
Investigation of Financial Crimes
There are also financial crimes that do not involve dishonest taking of a benefit, but that protect a benefit that has already been obtained or to facilitate the taking of such benefit. An example of this where someone tries to place the proceeds of another crime beyond the reach of the law. A successful terrorist group is one that is able to build and maintain an effective financial infrastructure, like any criminal organisation, because they need financial support in order to achieve their aims.
A financial institution should take appropriate action if a corporate customer, a member of its senior management or a senior representative of the customer is the subject of an investigation by a law enforcement agency. Detection and prevention of fraud within the financial sector is a challenge due to the complexity of the services. Domestic and international threats are present.
They may come from within the organization. Internal and external fraudsters are committing fraudulent acts. The victims may be the financial sector firms or their customers.
An Adult at Risk of Harm: A Framework for the Study and Prevention
An adult at risk of harm is someone who has needs for care and support, but is unable to protect themselves from abuse or neglect, and is experiencing or at risk of abuse.
The Role of Resolution in Financial Regulation
Poorly regulated financial institutions can undermine the stability of the financial system, harm consumers and damage the economy. Financial regulation is important to protect consumers and the financial system from going wrong. Resolution is the only outcome when there are times. The process of winding down or restructuring a financial institution is called resolution.
Coercive Control of Financial Abuse: A Case Study
Control of finances can be part of coercive control. Coercive control is a pattern of assaults, threats, humiliation, and intimidation that is used to harm, punish, or frighten their victim. The victim may have to pay bills and incur interest and fees on charges in the short term, and this may lead to a spiral of debt.
They may not know about the debts, have no chance to get away, or buy essentials, because they are overcommitted, and they may not have the money to provide for children or buy essentials. Low income can be a factor in some cases, but those who work with survivors are very clear that abuse happens across the population. Abuse is just as likely in a household with more money as one with less.
It is possible that those on low incomes are more likely to be noticed by authorities such as social services and the DWP than higher income households, as it is easier to be hidden. Income is measured at a household level but often it is controlled by the perpetrators and so victims experience material poverty. Some victims with a higher income would have their resources tied up investments or assets.
BAME women are more vulnerable to financial abuse because they are often financially dependent on their spouse and can experience a barrier between themselves and other institutions. Those with a limited command of English are more vulnerable to abuse and control. Covid has made use of technology more efficient.
There are pros and cons to technology. It has helped victims to reach out, but there is a problem of tech poverty where victims don't have access to safe devices. The victims with no access to technology are less able to challenge their situation.
Town hall expert roundtable on financial crimes and harms against seniors
The Government of Canada believes that seniors have the right to live free from financial abuse. It is committed to improving the financial security of Canadian seniors by protecting consumers and addressing crimes that target seniors. Financial crimes and harms against seniors are perpetrated by different actors.
It can be a stranger targeting an individual. It is someone who knows the victim. The crimes can be committed using different methods, including through the internet, door-to-door sales, mismanagement of a joint bank account, and abuse of authority under power of attorney privileges.
There are instances where groups and organizations put seniors' financial security at risk. Detective-Constable Franssen talked about the susceptibility to fraud that can be caused by loneliness and mental health issues. Criminal investigators can benefit from the help of community partners, including those working in mental health and senior support organization, to promote social engagement with the common goal of protecting the overall wellbeing of the person.
There were a number of interrelated themes from the town hall and expert roundtable on financial crimes and harms against seniors. Participants agreed that it is important to take an approach to preventing and addressing financial crimes that empower seniors, respects their dignity and provides a balance between protection and autonomy. Some participants warned against spreading fear when raising awareness.
Participants identified factors that can make seniors vulnerable to financial abuse. Social isolation was seen as a key factor in seniors being preyed upon by scam artists. Seniors can be at risk from poverty and economic insecurity.
Detecting an Event in the Local Area
If you think someone is at risk of being harmed, you should tell someone. The person may not be able to report the incident.
Detecting Financial Abuse
It can be difficult to detect and identify financial abuse. Financial abuse can be concerning money, property or belongings.